Analyzing The Anatomical Structure Of The Cell And Their Respective Functions

1388 Words Apr 16th, 2016 null Page
Analyze the anatomical structure of ten different organelles in the cell and their respective functions.
Chloroplast:
Its main function is photosynthesis trapping energy from the sun and producing sugar from carbon dioxide. Its structure is made up of a double membrane system. They are known as the outer and inner membranes. The inner membrane surrounds the stroma and grana other words known as stacks of thylakoids (NCBI, 2016).

Endoplasmic reticulum:
Its main function is translation and folding of new proteins across the ER membrane. Its structure is made up of a single membrane system (BSCB, 2016). There are 2 types of endoplasmic reticulum rough endoplasmic and smooth. They appear to be separate however they are sub compartments of the same organelle (NCBI, 2016).

Golgi:
Its main function is to sort and modify proteins. Its structure is made up of a single membrane system. The Golgi consists of 5-8 sacs/folds that are known as cisternae. However, only up to 6 has been observed. The cisternae stack consist of 5 functional regions: the cis-Golgi, trans-Golgi network, medial-Golgi, cis-Golgi network, , and trans-Golgi. Vesicles originating from the endoplasmic reticulum are attached to the cis Golgi network then the progress is done via the stack to the trans Golgi network where they are packaged and transferred to the needed destination. However, each region consist of different enzymes that determines how to modify the components and their destination (Hyper…

Related Documents