Callicles on Moral Realism Essay

1377 Words Nov 19th, 2012 6 Pages
Kwame F. Bell
Philosophy 101
Dr. Elizabeth Laidlaw
Fall 2012

In Callicles argument on the Superior Individual, Callicles reasoned that in nature as well as humanity the strong dominates the weak. Also known as Moral Realism, Callicles argument on the Superior Individual is in fact one of interest because it is often deemed true, regardless of the false fallacies that exist. It is often believed that in nature as well as in humanity, strength and weakness are viable factors in determining levels of success, social roles and survival etc. Although, both strength and weakness often measure one’s ability, in this case it provided a glimpse into the falsehoods in Callicles claim. Although logical, I will prove that Callicles argument
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“….as natural selection acts by competition for resources; it adapts the inhabitants of each country only in relation to the degree of perfection of their associates.” (Charles Darwin, On the Origin of Species 1989) In other words, for a superior individual to dominate the weak he/she must solely compete whether strong or weak for survival. [Emphasis added] Ultimately, the strong would win because of better qualities. The better qualities in return would make the stronger well suitable for their environment. For example suppose we monitored equal ratios of adults whom exercised over a period of time to those whom did not. We will see that the overall health and fitness of function will be greater in those whom exercised as opposed to those whom did not. In order to fully comply with one of the components of natural selection known as Differential survival and reproduction; “Individuals possessing traits well suited for the struggle for local resources will contribute more offspring to the next generation.” This revealed that one must be fit over another to ensure their lineage survives. Henceforth a true premise, in nature the strong does in fact dominate the weak. On the contrary premise two states that, “Humanity ought to follow the laws of nature.” In order to adequately assess this premise I would need to define exactly what the laws of nature are. As per, Internet encyclopedia of

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