Ethical Theory Comparison Chart
Respond to the prompt for each of the five ethical theories listed. One section on each chart has been filled in as an example.
What is good? (1–2 sentences)
Aristotle – Virtue EthicsMill – UtilitarianismKant – DeontologyConsequentialismNoddings – Care EthicsAristotle was the first great ethical Naturalist.
The good for us is defined by our natural objective. It is good to have moral judgments, that way we create a better judgment on which we become. (Moore and Bruder, 2011,pg.264)For J.S. Mill, decreasing pain and increasing pleasure is good. However, not all pleasure is the same. Mill argues that intellectual pleasures are superior to bodily pleasures …show more content…
Provide an example of how this ethical theory might work (5 or more sentences)
Aristotle – Virtue EthicsMill – UtilitarianismKant – DeontologyConsequentialismNoddings – Care EthicsIf it makes us feel good then we should do it. If we get self-worth out of what we are doing then it is ok. If we feel good about making other people happy then we need to do it. The feeling of self-worth should be not to have pleasure ourselves but to see others get pleasure out of what we have done. We should strive to please others before we please ourselves.My best friend comes to me asking for advice. She is having problems in her marriage and just found out she is pregnant. Due to the economic downturn, she may lose her job in the coming months. Her relationship with her husband is strained and is having a serious emotional toll on her. She is considering an abortion. I am the carer and she is the cared-for. I do not consider her unborn child because my friend is the one in immediate pain or peril. I recommend counseling. I also try and gently ask questions to see what options she has and what she has thought about. I do not tell her what I think she should do in this case or what I think is right or wrong. I only ask how I can help her.