Discuss Personality as a Medicating Factor in Response to Stress – Type a, External/Internal, Focus of Control and Hardness.

664 Words Apr 21st, 2011 3 Pages
Type A personalities are hard driving, impatient, aggressive, competitive, achievement orientated, hostile, do two things at once, do daily activities such as eat walk and talk rapidly. These types of people have higher bloody cholesterol and are at greater risk of coronary heart disease than type B’s. However despite the fact that Type A’s seem to be at risk of stress related illness, many of them survive quite happily with their pressured and competitive lives. One of the key factors in managing stress is a strong sense of commitment control and challenge which are key elements of the ‘hardy personality’ which is proposed to be resistant to the damaging effects of stress. There is no reason why type A’s should not be able to show high …show more content…
Secure attachment helps hardiness and openness to challenge.
Kobasa has presented evidence that people who have high scores on scales measuring hardiness are significantly less likely to suffer stress related physical and psychological disorders than those with low scores. In theory their positive approach means that life events are not seen as stressful but as challenges and opportunities that can be overcome. This leads to less activation of the stress response and its negative consequences. Kobasa’s studies of personality and stress have identified other factors involved in coping with stress and have implications for stress management. Using previous work suggesting that physical exercise and social support also protected against stress related illness, Kobasa rated participants on the presence or absence of hardiness, social support and regular exercise. In this study they followed the participants and assessed the severity of any subsequent psychological – depression and anxiety or physical illness. Results showed clearly that participants with no protective factors had higher scores of illness scales than any other group. In addition the presence of one, two or all three protective factors were associated with steadily decreasing illness scores. This implied that the factors acted additively in improving resistance to stress. Of the three, hardiness seemed to have the

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