Does an Infant’s Temperament Shape His/Her Cognitive and Socio-Emotional Development?

1347 Words Jan 26th, 2015 6 Pages
In this paper I will explain how temperament shapes the cognitive, socio-emotional development. I will discuss various theories of human development, identify the social and emotional domains development and how they affect temperament. I will discuss the eight stages of socialization according to Eric Erikson, and the cultural perspectives of temperament.
A person’s temperament, biology, environment, and even attachment to others can affect how social the individual is. Temperament is an important aspect of emotional development. Temperament is the pattern of arousal and emotionality that are consistent and enduring characteristics of an individual (Shriner B., & Shriner M., 2014). We all have a temperament, and according to Eric
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Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt- The child is developing physically and becoming more mobile. Between the ages of 18 months and three, children begin to assert their independence, by walking away from their mother, picking which toy to play with, and making choices about what they like to wear, to eat, etc. I remember my son getting so independent at this stage, he wanted to walk without holding my hand, and he wanted to walk ahead of me. The child is discovering that he or she has many skills and abilities, such as putting on clothes and shoes, playing with toys etc. I remember him saying “I can do it myself mom” Such skills illustrate the child's growing sense of independence and autonomy.
Initiative vs. Guilt -Around age three and continuing to age five, children assert themselves more frequently. During this period the primary feature involves the child regularly interacting with other children at school. At this stage my son was the one that all the children wanted to be around. When I dropped him off at school the kids would all run to my son and follow him around.

Industry (competence) vs. Inferiority- Children are at the stage (aged 5 to 12 yrs) where they will be learning to read and write, to do sums, to make things on their own. Teachers begin to take an important role in the child’s life as they teach the child specific skills. It is at this stage that the child’s peer group will gain greater significance and

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