First Civilizations: the Peoples of Western Asia and Egypt Essay

1068 Words Mar 24th, 2013 5 Pages
History 111
1/31/13

The First Civilizations: The Peoples of Western Asia and Egypt Civilization is defined as "a complex culture in which large numbers of people share a variety of common elements". But what are these common elements? Many of the worlds first civilizations all shared a number of key characteristics that set them apart from early hominids. The development of citites and architechual monuments, which became the central point of matters such as economics , polictics, and new artistic forms began to flourish. These societies introduced religion and began to worships deities that they believed were key to their communties good fortune. Social hierarchies were introduced, kings and priests of the upper class oversaw those
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This showed that the justice system of Mesopotamia was greatly skewed in the favor of those in power. A major portion of his collection of laws dealt with marriage and family. It is here where we get a better view of the gender roles in this society, where men were given more privileges and rights than women. While men were allowed to commit adultery if a women were caught in the act her and her lover were thrown in a river. Although their methods may have been in some ways extreme, Ancient Mesopotamia had a clear social structure and justice system in place that made them a civilization in their own right. From Mesopotamia we move to Egypt to a civilization that was greatly engrained in their religion. The Ancient Egyptians believed in a myriad of gods most important, the gods of the sun and river. The Egyptians held the Nile River in high regard as it was seen as a blessing from the gods themselves as its annual floods made its banks a fertile land for crops to grow. Just as they held their gods to high regard they believed that the Egyptian king or Pharaoh were gods in earthly form. The people of Egypt showed nothing but gratitude for his existence and believed without him their would be nothing but chaos. All miracles were thought to come from the Pharaohs that reigned in their time. One such king, who took the name Akhenaten, tried to introduced a

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