Functions Of Eukaryotic And Prokaryotic Cell Components Essay
Eukaryotic cells are cells that contain a nucleus and have membrane bound organelles they are multicellular cells and undertake reproduction by the process cell division known as meiosis and mitosis. There are 2 types of eukaryotic cell: plant and animal cells. They contain organelles such ribosomes, smooth and rough endoplasmic reticulum, mitochondria, nucleolus, centrioles, cell membrane, flagella, cilia, microtubules, chloroplast and lysosomes.
Animal Cell: Plant Cell:
The nucleus controls and stores genetic material. It manages the cells activities for reproduction, growth and metabolising processes.
Nucleolus situated internally in the nucleus its core purpose is to make proteins for ribosomes and synthesise RNA.
The nuclear membrane is a double phosoplipid bilayer surrounding the nucleus its key role is to separate nucleic fluid from cell fluid (cytoplasm).
Mitochondria or mitochondrion are 0.5 to 1.0mm in size and are located within the cytoplasm they have the job of forming ATP energy (Adenosine triphosphate) during late stages of aerobic respiration.
Microtubules the cytoskeleton of the cell, gives the cell its structure also helps move cell organelles around. They are made up a single protein of globular protein known as tubulin.