Essay about Khrushchev Genuinely committed to peaceful coexistence

1057 Words Mar 12th, 2015 5 Pages
In the years 1955­62, Khrushchev was genuinely committed to peaceful coexistence. Peaceful co­existence is the idea that the two superpowers in the world, the USSR and the USA can accept each other’s ideologies and consequentially their satellite states in the interests of peace, whether
Khrushchev was entirely committed to this notion is debatable due to his ‘behind the scenes’ actions between 1955 and 1962. The Austrian state treaty of 1955 seemed to show Khrushchev’s commitment to peaceful coexistence, but his aggression after the U2 spy plane incident of 1960 and the gamble with peace over the Berlin wall in 1961 and Cuba in 1962 suggest his commitment to
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However this interpretation would have been incorrect as the fundamentals of Marxism was to encourage internal bureaucratic revolutions through the working class in order to liberate themselves from oppression rather than direct military action. This may be in the military and social interest of preventing or at least reducing the possibility of Mutually assured destruction by means of Nuclear warfare which was a very strong possibility. This can be seen with the signing of the Austrian State treaty of 1955 that allowed Austria to become a neutral zone which expresses a serious attempt at diplomatic and peaceful methods by the SU.
Furthermore it was these arguments that Khrushchev would use in the Geneva summit to convey the genuineness of his attempt to move away from intro­national warfare from one external Socialist state into a
Capitalist one, and therefore rejected this Stalinist approach that occurred with the Satellite states of Eastern
Europe by invasion of the Red Army.

However on the contrary, Khrushchev maintained the satellite states as a cohesive political and economic unit that further added to the bipolar international system. This was evident with the establishment of the
Warsaw Pact on 14th of May 1955 was a collective defense treaty of Communist nations within the Soviet

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