Essay on Kuhn vs. Popper vs. Lakatos

623 Words Sep 5th, 2005 3 Pages
The articles of "Chance: An African view", "How to convince a reluctant scientist" and "Common sense of science" each involve a philosopher who tried to show how theories and facts in science is discovered. The article of "Chance: An African view"involves the theory of Popper, "How to convince a reluctant scientist" involves the theory of Kuhn and "Common sense of science" involves accumulation of both those theories in Lakatos. They are connected because "Chance: An African view" and "How to convince a reluctant scientist" are opposite of each other and Lakatos is a combination of the two. The article of "Chance: An African View" involves the theory of Popper. Popper's theory implied that scientists should give up a theory as soon as …show more content…
That if the whole of scientists agree on a new theory, whether the theory s correct or not, the new theory takes over the old. These two articles are the direct opposite because Popper believes in fact and Kuhn believes in thought. The third article of"Common sense of science" is about the theory of Lakatos. The article states that " in order to act in a scientific manner, in order to act in a human manner at all, two things are necessary: fact and thought. Science does not consist only of finding the facts; nor is it enough only to think, however rationally. The processes of science are characteristic of human action in that they move by the union of empirical fact and rational thought, in a way which cannot be disentangled. There is in science, as in all our lives, a continuous to and fro of actual discovery, then of thought about the implications of what we have discovered, and so back to the facts for testing and discovery - a step by step of experiment and theory, left, right, left right, for ever." This is a use of Lakatos' theory because it invovles both Kuhn's thought and Popper's fact. The articles of "Chance: An African view" and "How to convince a reluctant scientist" are complete opposites of each other, both with opposing views. The theories that each are based on contradict each other, but the article "The common sense of science" is the median of the two articles. It holds views that involve both Kuhn's thought and Popper's

Related Documents