Essay on Malnutrition in India

5762 Words Jan 6th, 2013 24 Pages
Introduction :-
Malnutrition is found to be a leading killer through out the world, with under nutrition in the developing world the main nutrition problem. The World Bank Estimate that India is ranked 2nd in the world of the number of children suffering from malnutrition after Bangladesh (1998), where 47% of the Children exhibit a degree of malnutrition. India is one of the fastest growing country in terms of population and economic growth rate , sitting at a population of near about 1200 million (December 2010) and economy growing by 9% GDP growth rate from 2007-2008. Since independence Indian economy considered as low income country with majority of population at or below the poverty line which is lead to problems of malnutrition,
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Therefore we look at the following objectives regarding malnutrition study in the state.

1. To discuss the status of child malnutrition in the state.

2. To find out the major causes of malnutrition.

3. To find out the effects / incidence of malnutrition problem.

4. To address the way to eradicate the malnutrition problems.
Methodology:
In this research paper we mostly used the secondary kind of data for analysis the issue. Researchers used macro-analysis method for analyze the malnutrition in the country as well as Maharashtra State.

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Types of Malnutrition:
Each form of malnutrition depends on what nutrients are missing in the diet, for how long and what age.

A) Proteins Energy Malnutrition (PEM):
This is the most basic kind of malnutrition, results from a diet lacking in energy and Protein because of a deficit in all major macro nutrients such as carbohydrates, fats and Proteins.

B) Micronutrients deficiencies:
Micronutrients deficiencies are also a widespread problem in India. More than 75% of preschool children suffer from iron deficiency anemia (IDA) and 57% preschool children have subclinical vitamin A deficiency (VAD). Iodine deficiency is endemic in 85% districts (In India) mostly due to the lack of iodized salt. The prevalence of deferent micro nutrients deficiency varies widely across states.

Degrees of

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