Motivational Theories and Motivational Plan Essay

1282 Words Apr 9th, 2014 6 Pages
Motivation Theories and Motivational Plan Essay
Cristie M. Roach
Grand Canyon University: EDA575
March 29, 2014

Motivation Theories and Plans within an Organization
In his book Raising Positive Kids in a Negative World, motivation guru Zig Ziglar said, “Of course motivation is not permanent. But then, neither is bathing; but it is something you should do on a regular basis” (Goodreads, 2014). Motivation is the ability to get a person to commit to and actively participate in reaching the agreed upon goals. Motivation is a never-ending, daily process that takes time and careful thought. Motivation requires different strategies to produce different result at different times. There is “no single strategy that can produce guaranteed
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Fredrick Herzberg introduced a two-factor theory, which incorporates and extends Maslow's hierarchy of needs and the Expectancy Theory.
Herzberg’s theory was based on the interviews of 200 employees to gain insight into their working relationship, attitude, and performance motivators. Herzberg determined that within an organization there are job enrichment factors that cause motivation and hygiene factors that cause demotivation. Job enrichment factors include “achievement, recognition, responsibility, freedom, and advancement” (Halepota, 2005). Hygiene factors include “work conditions, policies, administrative efficiency, style of supervision, and relationship between employees” (Halepota, 2005). Herzberg posited that there is not a continuum that these two factors lie on, where one increases while the other decreases. Rather he suggested that these two factors work independently of each other. When planning a successful motivational plan you need to consider both of these factors.
David McClelland developed the Acquired Needs Theory. The Acquired Needs Theory recognizes that everyone prioritizes needs differently. McClelland identifies three specific needs: achievement, power, and affiliation. McClelland then linked

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