Sir Davi Mbelu
University of Phoenix
In this paper attempt shall be made to compare multicultural and traditional psychology research methods with a view to examining observation and sampling as the variables of interest. However, these variables of interest shall be assessed in respect of how they are applied in cultural and traditional psychological research. In addition, the fundamental problems that may be encountered by the researchers during the implementation of the observation and sampling in cultural and traditional psychological research setting shall be addressed.
The major aim of observational methods as observed by
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Situational sampling deals with behavior observations in as many various situations, covering multiple circumstances, and conditions as possible. Situational sampling also enhances the external validity of research results as such it is very useful for multicultural research methodology in studying various or diverse cultures. Observation is methodically classified in two fronts, which includes observation with intervention, or observation without intervention (Shaughnessy, 2003). The major difference between observation interventions is that observation without intervention deals more with behavior recording (Willems, 1969). However in the event of an observation taken place in a natural setting, and an observer decides not to intervene is oftentimes referred to as natural observation. In naturalistic setting events happen naturally, which is neither controlled nor manipulated by the passive observer who keen interest is to record as they occur as opposed to the laboratory setting, which is specifically designed to study behavior. This method achieve three major aims, which inter-alia include: Description of behavior in view of the natural occurrence, and to assess the metooism among variables of research results or findings, and naturalistic observation as essential research strategy to control ethical and moral that may impact experimental control (Shaughnessy, 2003,p. 88). For the obvious reason