Obesity Essay

2827 Words Jan 20th, 2015 12 Pages
Introduction

“We are surrounded by food. We're constantly bombarded by it. We're consuming larger portion sizes and more calories than ever before…” (Moore, CDCTV, 2010). This quote aptly encapsulates the area of my interest – obesity. In my research paper I will discuss some of the causes of obesity, its effects and the health concerns related to obesity and finally offer suggestions as to how obesity can be treated or prevented. Obesity can be defined as “having excess body fat” whereas being overweight is defined as “having excess body weight for a particular height from fat, muscle, bone, water, or a combination of these factors” (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2010). Obesity is the result of eating too many calories
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(CDC,2010). Being overweight and being obese are often the result of “caloric imbalance”—too few calories expended for the amount of calories consumed, however, there are various other factors such as genetics, environment, etc which also play a part. (CDC, 2010).These factors individually, and in combination are the causes of obesity today. Sedentary lifestyle, fast foods, convenience and easy access and availability of goods and services are some reasons that lifestyle today is fast paced yet easier and not physically demanding. More than a couple of decades ago, each chore performed by individuals were more labor intensive, perhaps due to the jobs available then. The prevalence of obesity was almost negligible in those times. In fact, in certain cultures, being fat was a sign of prosperity and wealth as the rich had servants to take care of daily chores. Changes in food production, lack of physical challenges, easy access and electronic devices were some of the causes leading to increased caloric intake and less energy being expended. (Claire, 2014). In the 1990s and 2000s, however, obesity was more an indicator of current and future health problems. (CDC, 2010). In the 1960’s, only about 13.3 percent of people in America were obese, according to the University of Iowa Hospitals & Clinics. (CDC, 2010). Today, we are eating more processed foods that are high in sugar, fat and calories, and eating out more

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