Oral Language Development Essay

2969 Words Sep 29th, 1999 12 Pages
Children develop oral language at a very early age. Almost every sound a human being makes can be considered communication. As children grow up, they are constantly observing and practicing communication and oral language. What they know about oral language has an effect on the development of their literacy skills. "Students who had difficulty with early speech communication skills were believed to be at risk for reading…and consequently writing" (Montgomery, 1998). Therefore, the development of oral language has an effect on the ways in which emergent readers develop literacy.

Transcribed dialog taken from a personal interview with a 3-year-old girl named Gianna will be referred to in this paper. Gianna's dialog will provide
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For example, she says "ca" instead of "could" or "can." She also says "da" for "that's," "u" for "use," and "wa" for "what" (DiNobile, 1998).

Many teachers use a phonics-based instruction when they teach students to read. "The two most common ways of teaching phonics are: (a) to teach the beginner to segment and blend the letter sounds in a word (synthetic phonics), or (b) to teach the beginner to recognize the common spelling patterns in a word (analytic phonics)" (Foorman, 1995).

Pronunciation is another skill in language development. Gianna can pronounce many words correctly. She says words such as "space rocket," "color," and "mother." However, she also mispronounces some words, such as "favwit" (favorite), "dis" (this), "dat" (that), and "bwoke" (broke) (DiNobile, 1998). Although Gianna has the ability to pronounce words correctly, sometimes she does not. This is not a sign of regression it simply shows that she has not yet mastered pronunciation.

Once children have learned to read, fluency is an important skill to develop and master. "The term fluency is often associated with doing something easily and well.When applied to reading, fluency, in everyday terms, means reading easily and well" (Vacca et. al., 1995, p.198). Among other aspects, pronunciation is a very important aspect of fluency. In order to read fluently, the reader must be able to quickly and correctly pronounce the words.

After learning pronunciation skills, children

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