Pholological Differences Between Mandarin and English Essay

1608 Words Oct 27th, 2010 7 Pages
Language Studies 172
Assignment 1 :Essay on Language comparison.
By: Kyle Sibson 14189702

Assessment 1
For this assessment I have been required to compare English with another language. I have decided to choose Mandarin as my language of choice. A major elements of languages will be compared in this essay. That being phonology. Phonology is defined as being “the study of the way speech sounds form patterns”.(Victoria Fromkin 2009). As (Hammond 1999) describes, every spoken language has a unique system whereby sounds are organised. This unique pattern of pattern can be termed phonology and varies widely in geographical and social differences.
English is the most widely spoken language in the world with up to a total of up to 1.8
…show more content…
| y | As in the words "yes", "yet". Special cases: the syllable "yi is pronounced as the Pinyin "i" #1 and the syllable "yu" is pronounced as the Pinyin "ü" (the letter "y" is in these cases used to mark the beginning of new syllables). See the following descriptions of simple finals! | 6 simple finals: | a, e, i, o, u, ü | 13 compound finals: | ai, ao, ei, ia, iao, ie, iou, ou, ua, uai, üe, uei, uo | 16 nasal finals: | 8 front nasals: an, en, ian, in, uan, üan, uen, ün 8 back nasals: ang, eng, iang, ing, iong, ong, uang, ueng |

As shown in the figure each phoneme is shown not using the IPA, but pinyin, the official Romanization system of the People’s Republic of China.(Zhang) Although Pinyin is relatively close to the IPA is it just a spelling system not a phonemic system. As (Taochung Yao 1997) says “Pinyin system uses twenty five of the twenty six letters of the Roman alphabet” and every letter except v exists in pinyin because there is no /v/ phoneme existing in Mandarin. These pinyin letters are pronounced generally the same as in English except with a few exceptions.

Word stress is Mandarin is different from English. It does not change the meaning of a word depending on what syllable is stressed, but it does occur in mandarin and certain syllables are stressed only because it is in the natural speech pattern of the language to do so. (Tiee 1986) describes Mandarin as having 3 stress patterns which occur commonly in 2 syllable compound

Related Documents