Pyschology Essay

3091 Words Feb 2nd, 2013 13 Pages
With Freud, we need to set aside all the elaborate concepts of psychoanalysis (e.g. oedipal complex, penis envy) and really start with the basics. What is Freud saying about the way we experience the world? To start with we can identify three propositions. They are: 1. infantile dependency 2. repression 3. transference Freud recognized the significance of the fact that humans, contra other mammals, spend the first few years (and likely more) of their lives dependent on their caregivers for survival. Dependency is a mixed bag. Q1: Give an example of the last time you were in a situation where you felt dependent on another. On one hand, dependency can be wonderful. The beauty of infancy is that there are moments …show more content…
These impulses which are innate, according to Freud, build up and create tension. This makes us uncomfortable so we discharge them by either acting on them if we can or imagining we are acting on them (fantasy) if we can’t. The infant, therefore, is constantly seeking to gratify these impulses (the pleasure principle) regardless of reality. Gradually, we begin to develop awareness or consciousness. Finally, as we begin to encounter reality we realize these wishes can present a danger (this creates anxiety). We also realize that to get them met requires engaging reality. Thus we develop a preconscious. The preconscious acts as a censor that keeps certain wishes from awareness—this is repression. The preconscious is also a storehouse for every memory, thought or feeling we ever experienced. Sometimes unconscious impulses can be discharged by linking up with a more tolerable wish or idea stored in the preconscious. So for example, an unconscious wish to murder one of my students can become linked to the wish to fail a student that is doing poorly “for their own good.” Q2: Give an example of the way in which aggressive impulses might become acceptable to consciousness in the classroom. When repression is successful we never even know it took place. Sometime, though, the wish is so powerful it cannot be completely repressed. It spills into consciousness (which in the topographic theory is a very

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