1st Formal, Assessed, Essay Topic:
Scientific Management was the product of 19th Century industrial practices and has no relevance to the present day. Discuss.
“In the past the man has been first; in the future the system must be first” said Frederick Winslow Taylor, creator of a new management theory: Scientific management or Taylorism. It emerged in the end of the 19th century in the industrial context and was experimented and then applied in plants.
This organisation of the workflow is based on some principles.
First, the use of science to evaluate each task in order to establish ‘scientific laws’ about how to do each particular part of the work. The managers, using time and motion studies and precise measurements of the
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Taylor didn’t really trust in human potential. This is no longer true in current management systems. Modern tools of management insist on the implication of the workers in the exercise of their professional activity. Workers are invited to show autonomy, to take their responsibilities to ensure quality of goods and services produced at the same time where the constraints of performance tend to strengthen considerably. The management of today has to develop the reactivity of all in the organization by setting up a working relation which allows it. New management methods are based on involvement of every employee at every level into not only his job but the business as a whole. This means that workers think about doing their job in a way to be profitable to the company, not just executing the task they have been allotted. Scientific management losses a lot of its relevance because of the technology evolution, which changes the way of working. For example, methods employed to determine the best way to do a task where a few workers were needed are out-dated because thanks to new machines, only one worker is needed. New machines allow doing the simple and repetitive tasks allotted by taylorism to the workers, even more quickly and more precisely, improving quality