Sleep Is Food For The Brain Essay

1239 Words Nov 27th, 2014 null Page
According to the National Sleep Foundation, “Sleep is food for the brain” (2000). Sleep is an important part of everyday life; it helps us function and perform daily tasks, it is essential to our health and well being throughout our lifetime. In adolescences, the need for adequate sleep is vital as it assists in in physical and mental development as individuals transition from teenagers to adults. However, most American teenagers aren’t getting the sleep that they need. According to recent surveys measuring sleep patterns among youth, “only 31 percent of U.S adolescents received eight or more hours of sleep on an average school night” (Santrock, 2014). This lack of sleep can lead to poor performance and health problems that impact an adolescent’s transition to adulthood.
Keywords: Melatonin, a vertebrate hormone that is derived from serotonin, is secreted by the pineal gland especially in response to darkness, and has been linked to the regulation of circadian rhythms.
Till Roenneberg, a German chronobiology professor asked the question: “Do teenagers sleep late because they go to the disco or do they go to the disco because they cannot sleep until late?”(Louzada, 2006) Many researchers assumed that teenager’s later bedtimes were a result of outside factors such as social activities, jobs or homework. However, recent findings show that adolescents’ later bedtime has more to do with biological factors. Throughout puberty, adolescents undergo what is called a phase delay;…

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