St. Thomas Aquinas: the Summa Theologica Essay

1141 Words Jun 17th, 2011 5 Pages
AP European History
May 14, 2011
St. Thomas Aquinas: The Summa Theologica

St. Thomas Aquinas’s “The Summa Theologica” is a document meant to summarize the difference between divine laws and human laws. This document explains whether these two types of laws are just or unjust. Aquinas demonstrates how laws are the reason for the common good which is made by those who care for their community, and how all the laws come from divine reasons which according to the document are understood by men. The first part of this document analyzes how laws are just or unjust depending on the impact they have on our conscience. Aquinas seems to represent the idea that just laws are in our minds because they are the laws of God and they are just
…show more content…
This quote seems to explain that if someone takes something away from you, you should give him more than what he asks for and make it harder on yourself, and if they force you to do something go beyond what they forced you to do. Laws can be unjust and not good when they oppose god’s divine laws. Such laws include the ones made by tyrants, the ones that make you love other things more than God and the ones that oppose the divine laws. These laws should never be followed because according to the Acts the Apostles said that we have to obey God instead of men. In this document Aquinas gives three objections concerning these laws. The first objection he makes is that that human law never stays in a man’s mind because a person with a weaker power can’t enforce power on a higher one and that also the highest power is still beneath God’s power. His objection is also saying that no matter what the human law is, it still can be buried inside a person’s conscience because it is influenced by the divine law (Aquinas 1). Aquinas replied to this by saying that the Apostle Paul once said that all human power derives from God, and that because of this any person who resist God’s laws and commands will gain a guilty conscience. The second objection the author made was that the decisions we make are based on the influence the commandments of

Related Documents