Essay on The Age of Reason

1421 Words Mar 11th, 2002 6 Pages
Thesis: To discuss the philosophers who participated and had an affect in The Age of Reason.

OUTLINE

I. David Hume A. Contributions to the Age of Reason B. Who and what influenced him
II. Jean Jacques Rousseau A. What he believed in B. Who influenced him
III. Claude Adrien Helvetius A. Influences B. Reasons for contribution
IV. Immanuel Kant A. How he made a difference B. Why he made a difference C. What caused him to make a difference
V. Johann Fichte A. Influences B. Reasons for contribution
VI. Johann von Herder A. Contributions B. What caused him to contribute C. Influences
VII. Friedrich Schleiermacher
A. Why he contributed B. Influences

The Age of Reason was a period in
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French philosopher, Claude Adrien Helvetius, was born in Paris in 1715. He believed that all human thoughts, judgments, memory and comparison were all characteristics of sensation. He even went as far as stating that the only motive that humans have is for self-interest. He died in 1771 (Hampshire 132).
Immanuel Kant was a German philosopher born on April 22, 1724. He was considered to be one of the most influential thinkers of modern times. Immanuel went to the Collegium Fredericianum and the University of Königsberg where he studies physics, the classics, and mathematics (Snyder 67).
Immanuel Kant's philosophy was sometimes considered to be critical. He believed that actions must be started from a feeling of duty. He also stated that no action performed for convenience can be considered to be moral. Kant also described two types of commands given by reason: the hypothetical imperative and the categorical imperative (Hampshire, 160).
In Critique of Pure Reason (1781), he examined the bases of human knowledge. Analytic and synthetic propositions were the two modes of thinking that Immanuel Kant used in his philosophy (Hampshire 160). Analytic proposition is when the predicate is contained in the subject, and synthetic proposition is when something cannot be reached by pure analysis (Snyder 78).
Immanuel Kant also states that propositions can further be divided into two subtypes: empirical and a priori. Empirical proposition depend on sense

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