The Biomechanics Of A Player 's Movements May Be A Secondary Risk Factor For Injuries

1384 Words May 8th, 2015 null Page
Soccer (football) has a high injury rate among players of all ages and levels. Players under the age of 24 sustain 80% of soccer injuries (Koutures and Gregory, 2010). Lower extremity injuries are the most common in soccer and these usually occur without contact, although the nature of soccer also puts players at risk of obtaining injuries due to contact with other players (Dai et al, 2014). Junge et al (2010) found that 70% of injuries occurring during training or matches in Swedish amateur soccer players were non-contact. This suggests that the biomechanics of a player’s movements may be a primary risk factor for injury. Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries of the knee are of particular interest among female players as they are up to eight times more likely to contract an ACL injury than male players (Campbell, 2014). There are many factors that contribute to females having higher rates of ACL injuries, but it is generally due to their biomechanics making them more susceptible to the application of high loading of the ACL (Campbell, 2014). Most ACL injuries occur due to poor movement patterns during lateral movements or landing tasks, such as valgus movement of the knee joint, increased internal tibial rotation, and increased hip and knee flexion (Dai et al, 2014). Outdoor soccer proves a higher risk of injury due to variable field conditions that can combine with poor movement patterns to create a likely condition for lower extremity injuries (Koutures and Gregory,…

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