The Function Of An Animal Cell And A Non Photosynthetic Prokaryotic Cell

1224 Words Nov 14th, 2014 null Page
Although these two cells share a lot of similarities there are also many differences between the common prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, however more specifically I will be exploring how the structure relates to the function of an animal cell and a non-photosynthetic prokaryotic cell, and it is explained that, “analysing a biological structure gives us clues about what it does and how it works” (Campbell et al: 2014, p.52). The structure and the function of a cell generally aren’t one without the other, and all biological structures have evolved through time to fit the purpose in which they are needed as they interact with the environment. The way they gain their energy is through other consumers as the energy that they have is used more for respiration, whilst a normal photosynthetic plant cell would gain its energy from the sunlight, converting it in to chemical energy which it would then be able to use. There are only certain organisms that can photosynthesise and it includes: plants, algae and certain types of bacteria, everything else gains its energy through other sources.
The term given to cells that gain their energy from other organisms is, heterotroph, and this describes the way in which animal cells and non-photosynthetic prokaryotic cells gain their nutrition. For a normal photosynthetic cell to work they require the use of an organelle, “the chloroplast is an organelle found only in eukaryotic cells that carry out photosynthesis,” (Campbell et al: 2014,…

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