Essay about The Scope of Ecology
Ecology is the scientific study of the interactions between organisms and the environment, which in turn determine both the distribution of organisms and their abundance. Ecologists study how interactions between organisms and the environment affect phenomena such as the number of species living in a particular area, cycling of nutrients in a habitat, and the growth of populations.
2. Describe the relationship between ecology and evolutionary biology.
Darwin’s extensive observations (ecological studies) of the distribution of organisms and their adaptations to specific environments led him to propose that environmental factors interacting with variation …show more content…
Temperature: Effects biological processes. Cells may rupture if water content freezes, and proteins of most organisms denature at temperatures above 45 degrees. Few organisms can maintain metabolism at temp extrems. Organisms’ internal temps are affected by heat exchange with environment, and most organisms can’t maintain tissue temps a few degrees higher or lower than their environment; birds and mammals are exceptions as endotherms, but even they function best within various narrow temp ranges.
Water: Availability & whether it’s saltwater or freshwater