Essay on Unit 14 P1& P2

3628 Words Mar 31st, 2013 15 Pages
p1 & 2 Unit 14- Assignment 1
‘Physiological disorders, their nature, signs and symptoms’
Unit 14- assignment 2
‘Diagnosis- how it is carried out’
Contents
Coronary heart disease (CHD) 2 Signs and symptoms 2 Factors that can affect the development of the disorder 3 How is CHD diagnosed? 3 Treatments 4 Lifestyle changes that could be made 4 What medication can be used? 5 What types of surgery are used to treat CHD? 5 Recovering from CHD 6 Crohn’s disease 7 Signs & symptoms 7 Causes 7 Complication that can occur 8 Diagnosis 8 Treatments 8 Medication 8 Surgery 9 Bibliography 9

Coronary heart disease (CHD)
Blockage of the coronary arteries by plaque may cause a heart attack.
Coronary heart
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As you get older the more chance you have of getting the disease, this is because the older you are the weaker your coronary arteries get.
High blood pressure can significantly speed up the process of hardening and thickening of the arteries, narrowing the path through which blood can flow around the body.
If there is a family history of heart disease, it is seen to be a higher risk that you will develop the disease. If your close relatives have developed heart disease, you are seen to be at a high risk of you developing CHD at a later stage in life.

How is CHD diagnosed?
You can diagnose Coronary heart disease by going through many procedures. A person may have to have an Electrocardiogram (ECG), echocardiogram (Echo), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan, coronary angiography, radionuclide tests, x-rays, or blood tests.
Heart
An ECG records the rhythm and electrical activity in the heart. Lots of electrodes are placed on the arms, legs, and chest. The electrodes that are connected to the patient are also connected to a machine to record each heart beat. Even if an abnormal reading is taken, it doesn’t mean everything is ok. And a normal reading doesn’t mean everything is ok. ECG’s are not reliable on their own, many more tests/ procedures have to talk place to correctly diagnose the patient with CHD.
Echocardiograms
Echocardiograms are similar to ultrasound scans which are used during pregnancy. It uses

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