Essay about What Makes Water Important?

1040 Words May 30th, 2015 5 Pages
What is water? Why is water vital to life? What makes water unique? Water is the most abundant compound on Earth and the universal solvent in which the chemistry of the life processes has developed over billions of years. Water has unique chemical and physical properties that make life on Earth possible; it plays a key role in the cycling nutrients on our planet and it is the only common substance that you can find as a solid, a liquid, and a gas. Water exists in every living being, it provides a base for vital metabolic reactions to occur in. Water is used in photosynthesis by plants, which produce oxygen – this reaction is vital for the Earth as the oxygen produced in used by living being to breathe. Water is a simple inorganic compound that accounts approximately 55-60% of the body mass of adult humans and is found throughout the human body where it occupies most of volume of many of the body’s fluids. Your body can go weeks without food, but only days without water. If the water content in your body were reduced by 2%, you would get thirsty. With a 5% water loss, you would feel fatigue and have a headache. At a 10-15% loss your muscles, would become spastic and you would feel delirious. And with greater than 15% dehydration, you would die (Alberts) this is why water is important for life. Water is an abundant natural chemical and it is composed of one oxygen atom and two hydrogen atoms – H2O. Each hydrogen atom is covalently bonded to the oxygen…

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