Essay about You Are the Judge

10772 Words Mar 29th, 2015 44 Pages
Final Exam Review – Psychology 101
INTRODUCTION
You are influenced by: 1. Physiology of your nervous system 2. 5 Senses 3. Cognition – Thinking and Problem Solving 4. Social Environment 5. Personality 6. Stress & psychological disorders
Psychology is the science of what? Behavior * Science Aspect * Based on Experiments * Behavior * What is behavior? Observable through * Neural * Verbal * Social * Etc. * What is behavior driven by? * Mind * Body * Environment

Basic Research vs. Applied Research * Basic Research is the seeking of more knowledge but not to solve a problem * Applied Research is using
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* He was right, it is the NEURON that TRANSMITS information from the FIVE SENSES to the MUSCLES to form the REACTION.

The NEURON is made of what parts, and what do those parts do? * The DENDRITES receive messages from other cells - RECEPTION * Connected to the Cell Body * The CELL BODY is the cells life-support center * The AXON passes messages away from the cell body to other neurons, muscles, or glands - TRANSMISSION * The AXON does this through the Neural Impulse (ACTION POTENTIAL) which travels from the CELL BODY to the AXON, to the Terminal branches of the axon * ACTION POTENTIAL is an electro chemical process in which positively charged sodium ions cross in the neuron, creating a brief electrical charge. Positively charged Potassium ions then leave the neuron, ending the charge. * Move towards the Terminal Branches * The MYELIN SHEATH covers the AXON. * TERMINAL BRANCHES form junctions with other cells. – REACTION

The All-or-None Law states that: * A neuron will either fire or it won’t. * Neurons fire when stimulation exceeds the neuron’s threshold * Intensity of the signal will NOT increase as the strength of the stimulus increases.

Sir Charles Scott Sherrington inferred what aspect of the neuron: * He inferred that neurons must communicate across a gap: The Synapse * The SYNAPSE is the junction between the terminal branches of the sending neuron and the

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