A Comparative Study of Lean and Mass Production System: Toyota and Ford

5246 Words Sep 8th, 2010 21 Pages
SUB: LEAN MANAGEMENT AND TOTAL PRODUCTIVE MAINTENANCE

TERM PAPER

TOPIC: - A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF LEAN AND MASS PRODUCTION SYSTEM: TOYOTA AND FORD
Date of Submission: 13th Sep’10
By

GROUP-11
Yashraj D. Pawar -09258
Chaintanya Sharavanth C. - 09211
Harshita M. - 09217

Batch - XVII

VIGNANA JYOTHI INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT
Bachupally, Hyderabad, A.P – 500072, India

SUMMARY:
This paper deals with the production systems of two major leaders in the automobile market. Mass production is briefly touched up on and its advantages and disadvantages are discussed. Lean production is the emerging trend, which talks about minimizing waste and increasing production. We have also thrown light on when to use lean and mass
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The assemblies pass by on a conveyor, or if they are heavy, hung from an overhead monorail. In a factory for a complex product, rather than one assembly line, there may be many auxiliary assembly lines feeding sub-assemblies (i.e. car engines or seats) to a backbone "main" assembly line. A diagram of a typical mass-production factory looks more like the skeleton of a fish than a single line.

2.2 WHEN TO GO FOR MASS PRODUCTION:
It is generally agreed that mass production is justified only when production quantities are large and product variety small. The ideal situation for mass production would be when large volumes of one product are to be produced continuously for an extended period of time. Thus the rate of consumption of the product as compared to the rate of production decides whether continuous or batch production is called for.

2.3 ADVANTAGES
• The economies of mass production come from several sources. The primary cause is a reduction of nonproductive effort of all types. In craft production, the craftsman must bustle about a shop, getting parts and assembling them. He must locate and use many tools many times for varying tasks. In mass production, each worker repeats one or a few related tasks that use the same tool to perform identical or near-identical operations on a stream of products. The exact tool and parts are always at hand, having been moved down the assembly line

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