A Doll’s House
A Doll’s House, originally titled as Et Dukkehjem by a Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen was first premiered in 1879, Denmark. This play revolves around a conflict between the two characters, Torvald Helmer and his wife, Nora. How do the techniques in this play guide his audience’s response to the central characters and the action? First we will explain how the costumes are used as masks, then how the doors reflects Nora’s entrapment and her longing to freedom, to finish on how the macaroons are a sign for Nora’s secret and childishness.
Ibsen creates an atmosphere based on appearances; it is one of the most important symbols in this play. Costumes are a big deal of appearances; they are used as a
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The tarantella dance was originally performed by the people who were victims of a “poisonous spider”, in this case, Nora is victim of her crime. She dances as if “her life depended on it”, it reflects her difficult situation at the moment and shows Torvald’s ignorance of Nora’s behavior. At rehearsals, Nora wears a coloured shawl but for the actual rehearsal she wears a black one. Why? The coloured shawl defines her desire to seize the delights of life, unlike the black shawl that hides Nora’s fancy dress and expresses Nora’s feeling. She plans to commit suicide when Torvald read Krogstad’s letter about what Nora did in order to save her husband’s life when he was ill. Instead, she “tak[es] off [her] fancy dress”, it foreshadows her leaving, and confronts Torvald. “Have you changed?” askes Torvald, Nora answers “Yes, Torvald. I’ve changed”. When she pronounces these words, it does not only mean she changed her clothes, but changed mentally as well: she knows the only thing to do is to leave and find herself. This is how Ibsen guides his audience’s response to the central characters and the action; he uses the costumes as a symbol to hide the reality.
A Doll’s House takes place at the Helmer’s house, mostly in the living room. The doors are a major imagery in this play. They represent Nora’s entrapment and her longing to freedom. In the beginning of the first two