Essay about Battle of Port Royal

942 Words 4 Pages
In terms of war-making resources, the Union marginally outnumbered the Confederacy; the Union had more soldiers, bank capital, manufacturing output, iron, coal, fire arm production, warships, and naval officers. The Civil War thus looked as if it would be a joke because the many predicted that the war would only last one month due to the marginal differences in resources. However, after the First Battle at Bull Run, it was quickly discovered that the Confederacy would not submit so easily. In fact, they showed that they were very capable of victory, by successfully countering on the Union flank and giving them the upper hand in the battle . The Union was forced to retreat and at the same time, change up their strategy. Prior to the start …show more content…
Du Pont, head of the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, the Union advanced towards Savannah with 600 marines and over 10,000 infantrymen in late October. Along the way, a hurricane hit and destroyed some of the ships of Du Pont’s expedition. However, the expedition arrived to South Carolina in early November with some casualties, but still over 60 vessels were intact. Upon first glance, seizure of Port Royal was not an easy task; the entrance to Port Royal Sound was protected at Fort Walker on Hilton Head and Fort Beauregard. This meant that a normal sailing formation (single file) would mean exposure of the Union ships to Confederate fire and a quick victory for the Confederacy. However, Du Pont had a rather unique and effective plan of attack; rather than have his ships attack in a single file line, he sailed between the two forts in an elliptical pattern. This gave them the most amount of defense possible against the Confederate counter-fire as well as giving Du Pont and his expedition a clear and punishing naval attack to Fort Walker. The Confederate defense was practically ineffective. It utilized a mosquito fleet (small fleet compiled of warships) that lacked the heavy firepower needed to defend the forts against the strong Union fleet; therefore the fort was abandoned in a span of four hours. Noticing that the other fort was lost, the Confederate troops occupying Fort Beauregard felt as if they were in peril as well. Colonel R. G. M. Dunovant (who

Related Documents