Biography of Niccolo Machiavelli Essay

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Biography of Niccolo Machiavelli

Niccolo Machiavelli was born in Florence, Italy on May 3rd 1469. As an Italian historian, statesman, political philosopher, and a diplomat during the renaissance, Machiavelli was a man who lived his life for politics and patriotism. As a patriotic Florentine, he was a firm believer in that Florence was the most important state, and should have a strong government, as Italy was divided into states where much political upheaval was occurring, particularly between the four dominant states; Florence, Milan, Naples and Venice. In this essay, the main features of the Machiavellian state, the major concepts of fortune and virtue within Machiavelli's theory of the state,
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It was during his exile in San Casciano, when he was desperate to get back into government, that he wrote his principle works: the Discourse on Livy, the Prince, the History of Florence, and two plays. Many of these works, such as The Prince, were written for the express purpose of getting a job in the Medici government.

The second major event was the diplomatic mission to France in 1500 where Machiavelli tried to persuade Louis xii, who provided the troops for the assault on Pisa and that the failure of the assault on Pisa was nothing to do with Florence but the bad managing of his troops. Machiavelli left with nothing achieved, and instead of having the welcome and leaving he thought he deserved he got insults of neglect and hearing the Florentines dismissed as 'signor nothing.' After this trip he came to the conclusion that you have to be clever and ruthless if you want to create a state that has a strong force, he had to spend money and be cultured.

In 1502 his third mission he met with Cesare Borgia and the massacre of Senigallia, this is where he witnessed Borgia killing two of his right hand men one of which his lieutenant, Ramirez de Lorqua who where unsuccessful in doing their job and send another two away to be killed. Machiavelli admired his way; he felt if he did the same then it might be possible to restore authority.

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