Bolshevik Criticisms of Tsarist Russia Essay
At the beginning of the 19th century, Russia functioned under an autocratic monarchical system. The monarch at this time was Tsar Nicholas II, who lacked the leadership skills of his father and was unintelligent although some historians believe that he was a "conscientious hard worker". He had autocratic power over the country and he had the final word on all matters. Around this time, Marxism was growing across Europe. This has been largely accredited to the increase in heavy industry in this period. The Bolshevik party practiced a particular brand of Marxism. They believed that Russia wasn't ready for a proletarian revolution yet and that a small group …show more content…
Another criticism of the regime was the immense power of the church. The Bolsheviks, as Marxists, believed that religion was "the opium of the masses", i.e. just another part of the superstructure used to oppress the proletariat. The church was closely linked to the state and was deeply conservative. This angered Bolsheviks further. The Tsar used religion to keep the masses in their place by teaching them that "God commands us to love and obey every authority, particularly the Tsar".
The army, along with the church, was used to suppress the masses. Soldiers were conscripted mainly from the peasantry. Bolsheviks thought that peasants shouldn't be used to suppress their fellow peasants and they criticised this. Recruits took a pledge to the