In today’s society, the pressure to appear politically correct can play a major role in one’s social life. This pressure can even trigger people to support issues that are politically correct, such as affirmative action. Affirmative action is a highly controversial issue in the United States today, it has many supporters and it also has many detractors. This issue can separate many ethnic groups and even turn people of the same racial group against each other. There are many ideas that are thought of as a cure for racial inequality, but none fit the role better than affirmative action. The roots of affirmative action may be traced back to the early 1960’s, during the Civil Rights Movement. It was in 1961 that President John F.
…show more content…
Affirmative action works to eliminate racism, in particular structural and institutional racism. Structural racism entails the normalization and legitimization of an array of dynamics that routinely provide whites with advantages while producing cumulative and chronic adverse outcomes for people of color. (Good) It is a system of hierarchy that is primarily based on white supremacy, which gives white people power over all other races. Structural racism is all around, it is in history, culture, and interconnected with institutions and policies. Institutional racism on the other hand is discriminatory treatment, unfair policies and inequitable opportunities and impacts, based on race, produced and perpetuated by institutions. (Good) Institutional racism occurs when one person in an institution takes on the power of the institution and either promotes or harms other people based on race. Affirmative action works to eliminate these two types of racism, because affirmative action favors equality for all and these two types of racism discriminate based on color.
Affirmative action also addresses other problems. One of these is the oppression of minority groups is a major problem in today’s society. This is not only a problem in the United States, but in many other countries too. One objective of affirmative action is to pursue equal rights for