Does God Exist?
Since the beginning of time, man has been struggling to answer the question, how did we get here? What or who was responsible for the creation of life and the cosmos? It seemed natural to conclude that there must have been a higher power that created the reality known by man. However, how does one prove the existence of such a God? This has been the major preoccupation of theologians and philosophers which began several hundred years before Jesus Christ, and has continued to be the subject of heated debate ever since. We readily accept the universe and everything contained within it, but can't seem to agree upon how it got here in the first place. After all, stating that God exists and then actually proving His
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In other words, faith alone is not sufficient enough evidence to conclude that God exists. Aquinas pointed out that what may be conceived in the intellect does not necessarily exists in reality (Grace, 1996). To make his own case regarding this issue, Aquinas established his five criteria on the existence of God through Summa Theologica, the first three of which became known form the basis of the cosmological argument confirming God's existence. The five ways Aquinas used to confirm the existence of God all stemmed from a first cause argument (Titus and Smith, 242). In other words, life perpetuates itself as one cause prompts the occurrence of an event which becomes the cause for a subsequent event and so on through infinity. However, at some point, there had to be a first cause, which set these wheels into motion, which is the being commonly referred to as God (Titus and Smith, 242). In the First Way, Aquinas established that everything that is finite undergoes change, and by following these successive changes, finite man is eventually led to God. Until this happens, finite objects cannot be changed. Aquinas' Second Way is based upon the theory of causality, which is a detailed explanation of how the first cause is the only explanation for continual "cause and effect" of the universe. Next, Aquinas established the criteria of a 'necessity' of being. In other words, something cannot come from nothing. There had to be a