Douglass and Lincoln’s Past Voices Essay

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The Dark Ages were before the Renaissance, a time of intellectual darkness and barbarity where life itself is almost ‘missing’, because not much is known about it (The Editors). The 19th century could also be considered another, but colossally unalike, ‘Dark Ages’ to represent the hardships that each individual suffered (Colossal). It is a different dark from the actual Dark Ages, but with slavery, racism, and war, it has its reasons for being called the same thing. “What to the Slave is the Fourth of July?” and “Second Inaugural Address” were written in the 19th century where these subjects take place. The key points of it were abolitionists, slaves, and the war between the Confederates and the Union. Between these messes were two …show more content…
The fourth of July meant nothing to slaves. In their time, equality did not exist. African Americans were slaves, and were described as low functioning, as if they really needed someone to tell them what to do for being different. Originally, the Fourth of July was about America’s independence from Britain, and the thought of that hung over everyone’s heads like a shrine. Why did they not consider the slaves when they were freed? It is because they were blind to what the Fourth of July ever meant; freedom. The idea of the Greek appeal, pathos, is to let the reader know that it is an emotional argument. It should not be taken lightly, but rather heavy at heart and maybe even reconsidered or thought deeply about afterwards. Douglass used pathos to make his argument emotional and clear. In paragraph three Douglas scribes, “This fourth of July is yours, not mine. You may rejoice, I must mourn. To drag a man in fetters into the grand illuminated temple of liberty and call upon him to join you in a joyus anthem were inhuman mockery and sacrilegious irony” (Douglass). He uses a variety of his own words, or diction, to develop his emotional argument, pathos, which is essential to Douglass’s Greek appeal, because through his own word choice, he can effectively convince his audience that the subject is

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