Essay about Employee Motivation - Theory and Practice

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Employee Motivation - Theory and Practice

What is motivation? Motivation is difficult to explain and even harder to 'turn on' in people. Webster defines motivation as ?an act or process of motivating; the condition of being motivated; a force, stimulus, or influence: incentive or drive? (?Motivation?). It is most often the job of the manager to use motivation to drive employees to accomplish acts which they normally would not have done. The study of motivation helps managers understand what prompts people to initiate action, what influences their choice of action, and why they persist in their action over time (Daft and Marcic 444). Over the years many theorists have studied the human condition of motivation, and learned various
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The Theory Y also, affects the management of promotions and salaries and the development of effective managers. McGregor, in addition, seen Theory Y as conducive to participative problem solving. Once a manager that has a Theory Y mind set is willing to give their employees some freedom in completing a project, they will find that the participative approach to problem solving leads to much improved results. McGregor theorized that employees contribute to the organizations welfare, if they are treated responsible and valued as employees (?Three Basic Approaches?).

Over 50 years ago, a man named Frederick Herzberg had his own theory about employee job satisfaction. Herzberg interviewed a group of employees to find out what made them satisfied and dissatisfied with their jobs. His interviews revealed that there are two fundamental dimensions to job satisfaction: motivation and hygiene. Motivation factors include achievement, recognition, responsibility and job advancement. These are the job elements that fulfill individuals? needs. Hygiene factors, on the other hand, do not motivate but can minimize dissatisfaction. Examples of hygiene factors include reasonable salary, interpersonal relations and good working conditions. These factors are associated with the employee?s environment. According to Herzberg, if a manager pays close attention to both of these factors; they will create good employee satisfaction (?Employee Job

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