European History in the 13th and 14th Centuries Essay
The economy was very successful in the early middle ages, but soon decreased for many reasons. The revival of trade created a successful economy for Europe in the 12th and part of the 13th century. Burgs, communes, and guild were created which helped the industry. Around the time of the Black Death, society was divided into three estates: clergy, nobility, and laborers. Due to the plague, there was a great labor shortage. This meant that peasants could be paid more to work since it was difficult to find workers at the time. The upper class was having to pay more for the work and soon became impoverished. The Statue of Laborers was passed in 1351, which lowered the wage rates of the peasants. Taxes were also placed on the peasants which became another cause of peasant revolts in the mid to late 14th century.
The main event that caused political devastation in the 13th and 14th century was the Hundred Years' War. It started with a small part of land known as Gascony. England refused to pay homage to France and Edward III (England) declared war on Phillip VI (France) in 1337. England started to win many