Examination of Four Different Ethics Cases Essay

1094 Words 5 Pages
Case 1.1: Made in the USA – Dumped in Brazil, Africa, Iraq…
Fire-retardant children’s pajamas found to contain Tris, a flame-retardant chemical found to cause kidney cancer in children. Millions of pairs of the pajamas expected to be sold now had to be disposed of. Exporting companies began purchasing the pajamas at a wholesale price with the intention of dumping the banned product on overseas markets.
Dalkon Shield was a birth control device found to have adverse reactions including pelvic inflammation, blood poisoning, tubal pregnancies, and uterine perforations. The Office of Population within the US Agency for International Development purchased the product and dumped it on foreign markets for the intent of population control. They
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Case 2.2: The Ford Pinto
1968 – Ford produced the Pinto to compete with foreign (mostly Japanese) auto markets. Condensed processes for quicker production, to have it on the market sooner (any changes needed to be made would have to be made during production instead of during drafting).
During crash tests, all models Ford tested had failed due to ruptured gas tanks/dangerous leaks. The models were modified (but not safely). Ford knew the Pinto would be a serious fire hazard and pushed ahead with production anyway, not wanting to take the time or waste the money to fix the problem (cost-benefit reasoning placed a dollar amount on an individual human life and NHTSA ‘proved’ that in monetary terms the benefits outweighed the costs).
Studies show that between 1971 and 1978, 95% of the nearly 500 fire-related fatalities by Pinto drivers could have been avoided if Ford had fixed the fuel tank problem. Ford was eventually forced to recall earlier Pinto models when the collision standard increased in ’76. Ford faced many lawsuits and was even brought to court on criminal charges (accused, but not convicted).
General Motors faced an issue with one of its pickups, but refused to recall and repair the model. Expense seems to be the issue for car manufacturers. Also goes for SUV rollovers.
Case 3.2: Poverty in America
Poverty level increasing since 2000. The average adult American has a 60% change of living at least one year below the

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