Greek History Essay

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Greek History
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Relatively little is known about the nature of life in Greece during the Neolithic and Early Helladic periods. Since there are no written records from these periods in
Greek history, it is only possible to learn about the cultures that existed during this time by studying the remains of their settlements. The sites of Sesklo, Dimini, and
Lerna are all good examples of the types of settlements that existed on mainland Greece from the Middle Neolithic period to the Early Helladic. Although they don’t give us a complete picture, these sites help us understand what life was like on the Greek mainland before the arrival of the people that are known today as the Greeks. During the Neolithic period the
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The megaron and potter’s workshop are important, because they show some evidence of community organization. The exact use of the megaron is unknown, but the inhabitants most likely used it either for meetings or food storage. Either of these possibilities suggests a decent amount of community organization. The potter’s workshop is important, because it shows that the Sesklo community had developed job specialization. The pottery itself, which was cream colored with fairly intricate red zigzag designs, is also remarkable and would provide strong evidence of job specialization even without the discovery of the workshop. Besides pottery, the Sesklo inhabitants also made clay figurines. The use of these figurines is unknown, but the craft specialization required to make them provides further evidence that Sesklo had a well organized community (Demand 1995: 10) Sesklo’s development came to an abrupt end when it was burned down in about 4400 B.C. This marked the beginning of a 500 year period of decline in Thessaly (Demand 1995: 11).

In the Late Neolithic period, Thessaly entered another period of advancement with the arrival of the Dimini culture. One of the biggest differences between Sesklo and Dimini was the emphasis that Dimini put on fortifications. Althought some settlements of the Sesklo culture had some basic fortifications, none of them matched the amount of

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