Human Trafficking Essays

1431 Words 6 Pages

Human trafficking is phrase that is used to describe the various ways in which a person “obtains or holds another person in compelled service” (U.S. Department of State, 2011, p. 9). There are several categories of human trafficking, such as forced labor, sex trafficking, and bond or debt labor. Human trafficking can affect adults and children, with the trafficking in children for sex being particularly egregious (p. 9-11). Human trafficking frequently goes unnoticed, and victims often blame themselves for their problems and therefore are unlikely to self-report (Office for Victims of Crime, n.d.).

Although many might think of this is a third world problem, human trafficking occurs in every country in the world,
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Smuggling a person involves transporting them across the borders of a country illegally, many times at the request of the person being smuggled. Smuggling, therefore, is a crime against the country being illegally entered, while human trafficking is a crime against the person being held (Polaris Project, 2006, p. 1).

Being held as a victim of human trafficking does not require “physical restraint, bodily harm, or physical force,” but can include threats or other psychological forms of control over the victim (Polaris Project, 2006, p. 1). While sex trafficking is a common form of human trafficking, it is not the only one, as in the types of cases listed in the introduction. Human trafficking is also thought to only occur in seedy, hidden locations, but in fact it can be found in legitimate businesses all around the world (Polaris Project, 2006, p. 2).
Sex Trafficking

The United States defines sex trafficking as occurring when “a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or when the person induced to perform such acts is under the age of 18” (Office for Victims of Crime, n.d.). Sex trafficking includes prostitution, but it also can involve “stripping, pornography and life-sex shows” (National Criminal Justice Reference Service, n.d.).
It is estimated that most law enforcement agencies in the United States come into contact with human trafficking victims during the course of other investigations, and although I did not

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