Instability in Eritrea and its Impact on the United States Essay example

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This paper will discuss the ability of Eritrea, a nation that is in the Combined Joint Task Force-Horn of Africa's (CJTF-HOA) Area of Responsibility (AOR), to influence an issue of regional importance and it's affect on the interests of the United States (U.S.). The regional instability that Eritrea creates or exacerbates has a global impact on the goals of the U.S. Eritrea provides support to armed groups, who commit violence and terrorist acts. Some of the groups have a direct connection to al-Qaeda, whom the U.S. has been fighting for more than a decade. Eritrea's continued support of these armed groups, will only serve to further destabilize the region. CJTF-HOA's vision statement: "CJTF-HOA builds and strengthens partnerships …show more content…
The Eritrean Government does not deny it has a political relationship with al-Shabaab but they do deny any involvement in military, material or financial support. The United Nations' (UN) Monitoring Group acquired evidence that includes: records of financial payments, eyewitness interviews and data relating to maritime and aviation movements. This evidence indicates Eritrean support for Somali armed opposition groups that is not limited to political or humanitarian support (Bryden, Roofthooft, Schbley & Taiwo, 2011). The leader of al-Shabaab, Mukhtar Abu al-Zubair, posted an audio message, on the group's website, stating that his followers "will march with you as loyal soldiers," in a statement to the al-Qaeda leader, Ayman al-Zawahiri (CNN Wire Staff, 2012). Eritrea's war for independence from Ethiopia lasted for 30 years. The Eritrean People's Liberation Front, which became the political party referred to as the People's Front for Democracy and Justice (PFDJ), has controlled Eritrea since its victory over the Ethiopian military forces in 1991. The deaths from this war resulted in women being in charge of 30% of Eritrean households. There are more than 150,000 estimated mines, most placed by Ethiopian forces during the war, in Eritrea. These mines injured or killed approximately 200 people in 1998 (Pike, 2011). In 1993, Eritrean citizens voted for independence from Ethiopia, in a national referendum, monitored by the

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