After establishing himself as Lenin’s successor, Stalin ruthlessly increased his power and pushed forward with all his policies. What resulted was an extreme totalitarian dictatorship. Stalin imposed his stamp on Russia. He employed greater control over the communist party, and to guarantee its longevity, he unleashed a flood of fear and coercion which had never been seen before. He eliminated any threats to his position via the NKVD and the purges which resulted in the death of millions of soviet people. This also enabled him to proceed with his major economic changes in the form of collectivisation and industrialisation through three, Five Year Plans. These plans were merely reactivating the earlier ideas and policies of the Bolsheviks,
…show more content…
Although Stalin introduced the policies between 1929-41 he frequently lost control over their execution; at times he came alarmingly close to losing control altogether. It has been said that Stalin was wholly responsible for the terror that swept the country. There is no doubt that he facilitated it, but many Historians have questioned whether he actually had control over the situation. The Purges for example, were worsened by local forces who interpreted Stalin’s orders in their own way, raining terror throughout the country.
The second area regards the economy. Stalin launched a policy of collectivisation in 1928, his decision to implement collectivisation stemmed from the lack of Grain that was harvested during 1926-27. This inevitably led to the longer term policy of collectivisation, intended to reverse the whole NEP policy. Stalin was the leading mover of economic change; he saw two possibilities to improve the country 1) the capitalist way, to enlarge the agricultural units via the introduction of capitalism in agriculture, or 2) the socialist way, to introduce collectivisation, the setting up of collective farms and state farms. It was decided the latter was preferable, as it would result in the use of agriculture as a means of subsidizing industry and the development of socialism. The impact of Stalin’s agricultural policy was disastrous. The process of collectivisation occurred too quickly and eventually spiralled out of control. The policy led to a