Les Miserables by Victor Hugo Essay

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Les Miserables by Victor Hugo

Les Misèrables was written by Victor Hugo, and published in 1862. It has been translated into many different languages, and turned into a play and movie as when as being a book. When a friend asked Hugo why he wrote the book he replied as follows, "I condemn slavery, I banish poverty, I teach ignorance, I treat disease, I lighten the night, and I hate hatred. That is what I am, and that is why I have written Les Misèrables." The book Les Misèrables tells of Hugo’s life, and of France in the early 1800’s while telling a tale of change, conflicts between classes, and justice. Hugo wanted this book to be as our government is for us, for the people by the people. Victor Hugo was born in 1802 in Besancon,
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The romantic period was all about emotions and an individual’s imagination, apposed to the standards of the Enlightenment period. (Novels 243) In the nineteenth century, France was constantly undergoing changes in their politics. In 1795 Napoleon staged a Coup to overtake the government, he was in power until 1815 when he lost the battle of Waterloo. This is when the book Les Misèrables starts. The last part of the book takes place in 1832 when an uprising started over the burial of a revolutionary hero named Lamarque. This set the stage for us to meet the young man Marius, who falls in love with Cosette. Hugo was exiled for his political beliefs, and this is when he wrote Les Misèrables. It is an account of Hugo’s memory of Paris during the uprising, and shows his feelings towards the political situation in Paris. (Novels 244) To begin, change. Change is an underlying theme throughout Hugo’s book. From the beginning when Jean Valjean is forced to change his personal beliefs, to the end when Marius is fighting for a country to change. In the beginning when Valjean steals from the Bishop, he sees something he has never seen before which forces him to change, love. The Bishop of Digne shows Valjean unconditional love, which gives the main character a new outlook on life.

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