Essay about Maple Syrup

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Maple Syrup

Maple syrup is to people as honey is to bees. The production of syrup is as technical as almost any refined sugar, though like honey it is produced completely naturally, from the sap of maple trees. The process of creating maple syrup is as easy as extracting the sap from the tree and boiling off the excess water. After discussing the sap production, syrup production, and the process of creating maple sugar, we will all have a greater understanding of Maple syrup. Maple trees first originated in China or Japan, and expand into about 100 species. " Of the four North American species good for sugaring, the hard or rock maple, Acer Saccharum, produces sap of greater quality and in greater quantity than the others and
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The xylem carries water and nutrients from the roots to the rest of the tree. The phloem tissue carries the sugars produced by photosynthesis from the leaves into the base of the tree. " When the maple trunk thaws out in early spring, it appears that the specialized xylem cells actively pump their sugar into the xylem vessels, the transport tubes formed by now-dead cells." (Pg. 384). There are two effects from this process. One is that the increase in sugar content of the xylem vessels creates an osmotic pressure that draws water into the vessels, thereby increasing the water pressure. The second is that the metabolic activity of the working cells, releases waste product, like carbon dioxide. The solubility of CO2 in water decreases as the temperature rises above zero degrees Fahrenheit. As the trunk warms on a sunny day, gas pressure builds in the xylem along with water pressure. The result is a great sap flow outward when the xylem is tapped. This old sap is pushed out to make way for the New Year's product.
The production of syrup has varied from generation to generation. The Native American technique was that of cutting a wide gash within the trunk, though this could not have been done in the same tree year after year. The colonists would punch a small hole in the tree, fitting it with a metal spout and bucket to collect. The sap was then boiled and depouillaged of impurities. The final

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