Introduction of Paper Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus is a very serious infection that affects the health of the public. The purpose of this paper is to give the public/reader a better understanding of what MRSA really is. This paper will include the different disease characteristics that come with the infection. Also, it will explain the most recent disease statistics; identify a person’s risk of contracting the disease, methods used to control the spread of the disease, and explain implications for disaster.
Disease Characteristics of MRSA The causative agent in MRSA would be Staphylococcus aureus. According to the NIH, “The bacteria have been classified into two categories based on where the infection is first
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When personal items such as, towels, razors, and sporting equipment is shared, and when personal hygiene is compromised, that’s when you see community acquired MRSA seen (NIH, 2014). CA-MRSA enters the body through a cut or scrape and appears in the form of a skin infection. The site at wear it happens at is usually red, swollen, painful, warm to touch, and accompanied by a fever. The portal of exit would be the lesion or sore that has pus or drainage leaking from the infected skin. According to the NIH, “Though rare, CA-MRSA can develop into more serious invasive infections, such as blood stream infections or pneumonia, leading to a variety of other symptoms including shortness of breath, fever, chills, and death” (NIH, 2014). Depending on the patient, some people can carry the bacteria to several days or months even after being treated for it. Current Statistics The CDC did a surveillance of a couple of states that had both HA-MRSA and CA-MRSA. These states consisted of California, Colorado, Connecticut, Georgia, Maryland, Minnesota, New York, Oregon, and Tennessee. This surveillance area represented 19,393,677 persons. The number of cases in 2011 that were CA-MRSA was 1010, HA-MRSA was 3780. The number of deaths for that year in CA-MRSA was 100, and HA-MRSA was 532 (CDC, 2013). It was prevalent that the age group of 65 and older had a dramatic increase in cases