Essay about Milgram and Zimbardo: Overpowering Situations

1043 Words 5 Pages
Milgram and Zimbardo are classified in the same category as behaviorists. Although they are locked in the same category, they are famously known for very different experiments that have somewhat of the same idea. Zimbardo is widely known for his Stanford prison experiment, while Milgram is known for obedience to authority. The goal of both experiments was to prove like Haney has said that evil is most generally generated through evil situations. Zimbardo and Milgram’s experiments are examples of Psychological situationism, which is pretty important in the work of social psychology. Salamucha finds that Milgram and Zimbardo’s work demonstrates that, sometimes, the power of situations can be overpowering. Stanley Milgram conducted the …show more content…
Zimbardo’s experiment started in August, and was meant to test the psychological effects of prisoners, and guards. Both experiments dealing with authority but differ in what they were trying to prove, even though the results of Zimbardo’s test in some ways proved Milgram’s experiment true. Milgram’s experiment consisted of a volunteer and an actor who already knew what was to come. They were supposed to draw a piece of paper to determine who the learner was and who was the teacher. The volunteer had no idea both pieces of paper said teacher. So the volunteer was directed to give the learner (actor) pair of words and if the learner were to give the incorrect answer the volunteer (teacher) was to shock him. In the beginning the learner/actor had hinted he had a heart condition. With each wrong answer the voltage would increase. If at any point the subjects insisted on stopping the experiment, the administer would give them four statements to push them forward. 1. Please Continue 2. The experiment requires you to continue 3. It is absolutely essential that you continue 4. You have no other choice you must go on. After the four ultimatums if they still refused, the experiment would be discontinued. In the end more than half of the subjects went to the maximum voltage level. Proving that even though many of the participants were uncomfortable doing such an immoral thing to someone, the pressure of the administer made them do it anyway. Zimbardo used

Related Documents