Narcissistic Personality Disorder Essay

967 Words 4 Pages
The case that we will be looking at throughout this paper is that of ‘Joe’ (name changed to so that he/she may remain anonymous. Joe has what is diagnosed by clinicians as narcissistic personality disorder. According to the DSM – IV –TR, this is characterized by ‘a pervasive pattern of grandiosity (in fantasy or behavior), need for admiration and lack of empathy, beginning by early adult and present in a variety of contexts.’ The DSM lists nine criteria and Joe must exhibit 5 or more of them to be diagnosed with narcissistic personality disorder. The first one is Joe has a grandiose sense of self-importance. He is always assuring himself that his needs come before anyone else’s and that he should be recognized for all of his achievements, …show more content…
In first looking at the psychodynamic model, this model describes the root cause of narcissistic personality disorder as cold and rejecting parents according to “Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology” by Ronal J Comer. Comer describes that children being raised by parents who are constantly rejecting them are constantly fighting a feeling of worthlessness and rejection. They fight these feelings by overcompensating and telling themselves that they are perfect and that there is nothing wrong with them. These children also are constantly seeking out admiration from others whether it is teachers, peers, or other family members. Many theorists from this model also explain narcissistic personality disorder by saying that individuals who grow with cold, unloving caregivers create a grandiose self-image as a way to convince themselves that they do not need the relationships with those who are rejecting them. In contrast, the behavioral and cognitive theoretical models would describe narcissistic behavior in a very similar way. These two theories explain the disorder in opposite terms from that of the psychodynamic model. The cognitive and behavior models believe that individuals who develop narcissistic personality disorder receive too much positive reinforcement from their parents or caregivers. Due to the overabundance of recognition and admiration, these individuals grow up with a grandiose

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