Paradigms Essay

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Paradigms

What do you do when the hypothetical becomes reality? What if something not just unthinkable, but unimaginable, is suddenly proposed to you as a truth. Now, what if this new truth shatters your entire view of the world, of the universe, and of man’s place in all of that. This is a drastic example of a paradigm shift, when people are torn between two different beliefs. Galileo Galilei brought on the paradigm shift that yielded this extreme example when he offered proof of a heliocentric universe in his 1610 publishing Sidereus Nuncius. Thomas S. Kuhn discussed paradigm shifts like this in his 1962 book The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. While it is never an easy transition, once the new paradigm gains acceptance
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It was placed there to please Earth’s inhabitants. Galileo says that he can prove that Jupiter not only has a moon, but four of them. He says he can also prove that they orbit Jupiter. This means that the Earth isn’t that special after all. Then he says he has proof that Venus has seasons (waxing and waning similar to the moon), which would prove that it orbits the Sun, and not Earth. Thus Galileo challenges the entire theory of how the universe works, why it works, and human’s place in all of this. He takes humans from the center and puts us just sort of out there. Galileo was smart enough to foresee the resistance to these implications and took countermeasures even before the publishing. Attempting to glorify Earth’s role orbiting the sun, Galileo wrote that Earth is no longer “excluded from the dance of the stars” and “is not the dump heap of the filth and dregs of the universe, and we will confirm this with innumerable arguments from nature” (Galilei 57).

These explanations came even before he offered his findings. This is because Galileo fully understood that he was in the middle (perhaps more like creating) a paradigm shift. He realized that to even have a chance to discuss his research that he first had to avoid prejudiced resistance to anything new. This is typical of any paradigm shift. For the new beliefs to even have a chance of being explained, they must first withstand

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