Essay about Psychosurgery Prefrontal Lobotomies

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If your next-door neighbor sweeps his front porch three times every day and spends fundamentally all his time cleaning and re-cleaning his ten foot by ten foot stoop, is he normal? In a sense, he could be defined with an anxiety disorder known as Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD). These obsessions can often center on inflicting harm on others, suicide, or personal failures People distraught by obsessions and compulsions may feel that they have mislaid control of their mind. In extreme cases, this mislaid control of the mind was treated by a psychosurgery known as a prefrontal lobotomy (Weiten 568).
The American Psychological Association defines prefrontal lobotomy as “an operation that severs the nerve fibers connecting the frontal
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Almost all of the remarkably cured patients had relapsed within a few months and after subsequent lobotomies patients exhibited seizures and other psychological and neurological complications (Valenstein 425). I believe this process should be discontinued and made illegal throughout the world because of its harmful and brutal effects. Although lobotomies are not practiced in the United States anymore, lobotomies still take place in parts of the world but are secretively masked behind the name of “Neurosurgery for Mental Disorders (NMD)” (OCD-UK).The operation itself consists of no guidelines on where to sever the brain. When Moniz preformed the first lobotomy, he failed to provide a justification for destroying a particular location in the brain (430). Yet physicians around the world accepted Moniz’s procedure uncritically and without question prefrontal lobotomies were being tried on patients in Italy, Romania, Brazil, Cuba, and the United States (422).
A trans-orbital lobotomy (also known as a prefrontal lobotomy) was an undependable process which began with rendering the patient unconscious through the use of an electro-convulsive shock machine (an ECT sends electric currents through the brain intentionally triggering a brief seizure) which at times required three to six shocks depending on the patient’s age1.

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