Racial and Ethnic Disparities in U.S. Health Care Essay

1357 Words 6 Pages
There continues to be racial and ethnic disparities in the United States, and these problems need to be addressed since the rate of racial/ethnic populations in the country are steadily rising. According to the 2001 United States Census, “racial/ethnic minority populations are growing at such a fast rate that by 2050 more than 50% of the population will belong to a minority group” (Weech-Maldonado, Al-Amin, Nishimi, Salam, 2011). Race and ethnicity should not determine the levels of health care people receive. Certain races have genetic predispositions for certain diseases and that fact cannot be changed. However, the differences among race for things such as treatment, access to health care, and availability of medicine should not be as …show more content…
While obesity can be found in all races and ethnicities, some have higher rates than others. Dixon, Pena, and Taveras (2012) analyzed the trends of obesity throughout childhood. They determined that by the time a child is in preschool, there are already racial/ethnic disparities in obesity prevalence. Studies show that there are major differences between minorities for risk factors such as child’s diet, physical activity, and sleep duration that are associated with obesity. It is believed that these differences contribute to the high obesity rates in minority children. Inadequate nutrition is also linked to racial disparities involving preterm babies. A literature review was conducted by Dunlop, Kramer, Hogue, Menon, and Ramakrishan (2011) to determine if nutrient deficiencies contributed to the disparity in preterm birth (PTB) between African American and Caucasian women. The nutrients associated with PTB being analyzed included iron, folic acid, and vitamin D. It was determined that deficiencies of several nutrients associated with PTB were more of a problem for African Americans than Caucasians, most likely due to poor maternal nutrition. Low utilization of clinical preventive health services is the last major element affecting access to care. Since treatment is not tailored to specific minority groups, many people just avoid clinics and hospitals all together. This can also be related back to financial issues and

Related Documents