Essay Relationships Between Law and Society

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Q: Critically analyze the relationship between law and society based on the theoretical discussions in the field? Discuss these developments in relation to varied legal systems with specific attention on either China/ Russia/ any of the Islamic states
The relationship between law and society is a deeply discussed and closely examined subject. The law governs both modern and traditional societies. Oliver Wendell Holmes said that, “The law embodies the story of a nation’s development through many centuries”. The legal culture of each nation is distinct for this reason. The past of a nation plays a highly detrimental role in the legal structure of the society. Therefore, the law governing the English and that governing Indians will be miles
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In rural India, most of the disputes are still resolved by the village headmen and the verdicts are several times unlawful but still are accepted by the community. Taking the popular example of the Manoj-Babli case where the Khap Panchayat had given a verdict along the lines of ‘honor killing’ as the couple had gotten married against the societal norms. This verdict was accepted by the village community yet once taken to the official legal authorities, a lawful judgment was given.
The relationship between law and society is complex yet highly interdependent. Looking into the legal system of Russia while using theories such as the Functionalist approach and the Marxist approach, with emphasis on the system of organized crimes that is dominant in Russia, helps create a clearer picture of this relationship.
Socialist law has its core based on legislation. The role assigned to the court was application of law and not creation or interpretation of it. They declined the concept of ‘separation of powers’. The Soviet Union was governed by this law. The collapse of the Soviet Union led to various problems for the independent country that formed out of it and coping with the transition was a big problem faced by them. There were numerous issues that had to be dealt with at that point including establishment of a political ideology, creation of legal rights and new forms of legitimization. Also, the issues

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